Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Sort ascending Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
Zephyrus, ī, m.

Zephyrus or Favonius, the god of the west wind, 2.417, et al.; west wind, 4.562; wind, 10.103.

8
Zacynthus, ī, f.

An island in the Ionian sea opposite Elis, 3.270.

1
Xanthus, ī, m.

1. The Xanthus or Scamander, a river near Troy, 5.808, et al. 2. A small river in Epirus named by Helenus after the Trojan Xanthus, 3.350. 3. A river in Lycia, 4.143.

9
vultus, ūs, m.

the look or expression of the face; face, visage, countenance, 1.209; features, 4.556; appearance, aspect, 5.848; eyes, sight, 2.539.

32
Vulturnus, ī, m.

a river of Campania, 7.729.

1
vultur, uris, m.

a vulture, 6.597.

1
vulnus, eris, n.

a wound, 2.436, and freq.; blow, 5.433; aim, thrust, 2.529; of the mind, distress, 12.160; heart-wound, passion, 4.2; of revenge, 1.36.

70
vulnificus, a, um

adj. (vulnus and faciō), wound-making; hurtful, deadly, 8.446.

1
vulnerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to wound; offend, hurt, wound, 8.583. (vulnus)

1
vulgus, ī, n., rarely m.

the common people; populace, people, 2.39; multitude, 2.798; common soldiery, 2.99; rabble, throng, 1.149; of animals, the herd, 1.190.

9
vulgō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make common or commonly known; spread abroad, 1.457; divulge, disclose, 10.64. (vulgus)

4
vulgō

(adv.), in the multitude; in common, generally, 6.283; all around, everywhere, 3.643.

2
Vulcānus, ī, m.

the god of fire and of the forge, son of Jupiter and Juno, 8.422; (meton.), fire, 2.311, et al.

12
Vulcānius, a, um

adj. (Vulcānus), pertaining to Vulcan; forged or wrought by Vulcan, 12.739, et al.; of fire or flame, 10.408.

4
vōx, vōcis, f.

a voice, 1.328; note, tone, 6.646; language, 12.825; response, answer, 2.119; sound, 3.556.

113
voveō, vōvī, vōtus, 2, a.

to make a pledge or vow to a deity; vow, 10.774; consecrate, devote, 11.558.

3
vōtum, ī, n.

a thing vowed; a conditional pledge made to some deity; a vow, 5.234, prayer, 4.65; votive offering, 2.17; sacrifice, 3.279. (voveō)

29
vōs and vōsmet

you, pl.; abl. with cum, vōbīscum, with you; vōsmet, yourself, yourselves, 1.207.

62
vorō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to swallow up, 1.117.

1
vorāgō, inis, f.

a chasm, abyss, gulf, whirlpool, 6.296; torrent, 9.105. (vorō)

4
vomō, uī, itus, 3, a.

to vomit; belch, vomit forth, 5.682.

10
vōmer, eris, m.

a plowshare, plow, 7.635.

3
volvō, volvī, volūtus, 3, a.

to roll, 1.86; roll along or down, 1.101; roll or cast up, 3.206; toss, hurl, 12.906; roll over, roll in the dust, 12.329; cast, hurl down, 1.116; 9.512; roll, wheel, 1.163; of books, open, unroll, 1.262; of the Fates, fix the circle of events, decree, ordain, dispose, 1.22; 3.376; of the mind, revolve, meditate, reflect upon, 1.305; pass, continue, live through, experience, endure, suffer, 1.9; rotam volvere, to complete a cycle, period; (pass.), volvī, roll over, roll, 10.590; turn or wind about, 7.350; to be shed, to flow, 4.449; roll on, revolve, 1.269.

53
volūtō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n.

to roll about; to roll back, reëcho, 5.149; roll or send through, make resound, 1.725; of thought, turn over, ponder, think over; meditate, 1.50; with ellipsis of the acc., 4.533; n., fall prostrate, 3.607. (volvō)

10
Volusus, ī, m.

a follower of Turnus, 11.463.

1
voluptās, ātis, f.

satisfaction, delight, pleasure, 3.660. (2. volō)

3
voluntās, ātis, f.

a willing; will, wish, desire, 6.675; consent, 4.125. (2. volō)

5
volūmen, inis, n.

a roll; fold, coil, 2.208. (volvō)

4
volucer, cris, cre

adj. (1. volō), having the power to fly; of birds or winged creatures, swift-winged, 5.488; of things, winged, fleeting, 2.794; swift, 1.317; subst., volucris, is, f., a bird, 3.262.

12
volucer, cris, cre

adj. (1. volō), having the power to fly; of birds or winged creatures, swift-winged, 5.488; of things, winged, fleeting, 2.794; swift, 1.317; subst., volucris, is, f., a bird, 3.262.

12
volūbilis, e

adj. (volvō), turning, whirling, spinning, 7.382.

1
Volscus, a, um

(adj.), Volscian, 7.803.

1
Volscī, ōrum

the Volsci or Volscians, a warlike tribe of Latium.

8
volō, voluī, velle, irreg. and def. a.

to will, wish, desire, intend, purpose, freq.; followed by the infin., with or without subject acc., by the subj., or by a noun in the acc.; wish, desire, 2.104, et al.; of the gods, order, decree, 5.50, et al.; be willing, 1.733; think of, intend, mean; of things, to signify, mean, 6.318.

46
volō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to fly, 1.300, et al.; of rumor, to be spread rapidly, noised or spread abroad, 3.121.

54
volitō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. n.

to fly about, whirl about, hover, flit, 6.329; ride or gallop around, 12.126; circulate, pass rapidly, fly. (1. volō)

13
volēns, entis

willing, ready, unresisting, spontaneously, 6.146.

9
Volcēns, entis, m.

a Latin chief, 9.370.

7
volātilis, e

flying; winged, 4.71. (volō)

2
volāns, antis, f.

a winged creature; a bird, 6.239. (volo -are)

2
vocō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to call, name, 3.133; mention, speak of, 3.185; invoke, implore, 3.264; propitiate, 3.253; invite, 3.70; summon, 2.668; challenge, 6.172; incite, 7.614; assemble, rally, 7.508.

110
vōciferor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.

to raise the voice; cry out, exclaim; utter with loud cries, 2.679. (vōx and ferō)

5
vocātus, ūs, m.

a calling; summons; pl., a call, 12.95. (vocō)

1
vix

(adv.), hardly, scarcely, with difficulty, 5.263, and freq.

39
vīvus, a, um

adj. (vīvō), alive, living, 6.531; lifelike, 6.848; immortal, 12.235; of water, living, running, pure, 2.719; of rock, natural, unquarried, living, 1.167.

10
vīvus, a, um

adj. (vīvō), alive, living, 6.531; lifelike, 6.848; immortal, 12.235; of water, living, running, pure, 2.719; of rock, natural, unquarried, living, 1.167.

3
vīvō, vīxī, vīctus, 3, n.

to live, 3.311, and freq.; to survive, remain, be still living, 1.218; to support life, live, 7.749; exist, prosper, flourish, 1.445; of inanimate things, live; grow, increase; vīvite, live and be happy; farewell.

2
vīvō, vīxī, vīctus, 3, n.

to live, 3.311, and freq.; to survive, remain, be still living, 1.218; to support life, live, 7.749; exist, prosper, flourish, 1.445; of inanimate things, live; grow, increase; vīvite, live and be happy; farewell.

16
vīvidus, a, um

adj. (vīvō), full of life; lively, vigorous, ardent, 5.754; quick, swift, 12.753.

4
vitulus, ī, m.

a young bullock, steer, calf, 5.772.

1
vitta, ae, f.

a fillet, band, or chaplet for the head, especially for religious occasions, 5.366, et al.

18
vitreus, a, um

adj. (vitrum), of or like glass, clear, shining, crystal, 7.759.

1
vītō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to shun, avoid, 2.433.

2
vītisator, ōris, m.

a vine-planter, 7.179. (vītis, a vine, and 1. serō)

1
vītālis, e

adj. (vīta), pertaining to life; essential to life, vital, 1.388.

1
vīta, ae, f.

life, 2.92; of society or nations, 6.663; the living spirit, a soul or spirit, 4.705. (vīvō)

49
vīsus, ūs, m.

a seeing; vision, sight, 4.277; a phenomenon, spectacle, appearance, sight, 2.212; aspect, 11.271; prodigy, 3.36. (videō)

12
vīsum, ī, n.

anything seen; a vision, 3.172; portent, prodigy, 4.456. (videō)

1
vīsō, vīsī, vīsus, 3, intens. a.

to look at much; look at carefully, observe, see, 2.63; visit, 8.157. (videō)

2
vīscus, eris, n.

an inner part of the body; pl., vīscera, um, the entrails, vitals, 6.599; the flesh, 1.211; heart, bosom, 6.833.

12
vīscum, ī, n.

the mistletoe, 6.205.

1
vīs, vīs, pl., vīrēs, vīrium

strength, force; persistence, industry, force, power, 2.452; keenness of scent, 4.132; might, 7.432; violence, fury, 1.69; hurt, injury, 3.242; pl., vīrēs, ium, physical power, strength, 2.639; military strength, power, resources, 2.170; natural power, 7.258; personal power, influence, 8.404.

110
virtūs, ūtis, f.

manhood; valor, courage, 2.367, et al.; prowess, 1.566; moral worth, virtue, 5.344; greatness, glory, 6.806; heroism, 4.3; heroic effort, struggle, 12.913. (vir)

38
virīlis, e

adj. (vir), pertaining to a man; male, 7.50; manly, 3.342; of manhood, 9.311.

3
viridō, 1, n.

to be green, verdant. (viridis)

1
viridis, e

adj. (vireō), verdant, green, 3.24; green wood-, 7.677; fresh, blooming, 5.295; vigorous, 6.304.

15
viridāns, antis

green, grassy, verdant, 5.388; mossy, 8.630. (viridō)

2
virgultum, ī, n.

(used only in the plural) a growth of brambles; a thicket, grove, 12.522; shrubs, 3.23; shoots or sprigs, 12.207. (virga)

6
virgō, inis, f.

a maiden, virgin, freq.; virgin daughter, 2.403; virgin child, 11.565; the transformed virgin, Io, 7.791.

47
virginitās, ātis, f.

virginity, 12.141. (virgo)

3
virgineus, a, um

adj. (virgō), pertaining to a virgin; of a virgin, of virgins; a maiden's, 11.68; maiden-, virgin-, 2.168.

5
virgeus, a, um

adj. (virga), of twigs, rods, osiers; of brushwood, 7.463.

1
virgātus, a, um

adj. (virga), made of twigs; of basketwork; checkered or striped; plaid-, 8.660.

1
virga, ae, f.

a twig, bough, branch, 6.144; a wand (the caduceus of Mercury), 4.242. (vireō)

5
vireō, uī, 2, n.

to be green, 6.206, et al.; p., virēns, entis, green, 6.679.

1
vireō, uī, 2, n.

to be green, 6.206, et al.; p., virēns, entis, green, 6.679.

1
virectum, ī, n.

a green or grassy spot; a lawn or meadow, 6.638. (vireō)

1
Virbius, iī, m.

a Latin hero, son of Hippolytus and Aricia, 7.762.

2
virāgō, inis, f.

a woman of masculine spirit; a heroine, warlike maid, 12.468. (cf. vir)

1
vir, virī, m.

a man as distinguished by sex, 9.479, and freq.; husband, 2.744; hero, 6.415; pl., virī, ōrum, comrades, friends, 2.668; citizens, 1.264; people in general, 1.532.

170
vīpereus, a, um

adj. (vīpera, viper), pertaining to vipers or snakes; viperous, snaky, 6.281.

3
violō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to exercise force upon; hurt, wound, 11.277; break, 7.114; devastate, 11.255; desecrate, profane, 2.189; stain, 12.67. (vīs)

9
violentus, a, um

adj. (vīs), having much or excessive force; violent, impetuous, 6.356.

2
violentia, ae, f.

violence, 11.354; fierceness, impetuosity, fire, passion, fury, rage, 12.9. (violentus)

4
violābilis, e

adj. (violō), that may be violated; violable; nōn violābile, inviolable, 2.154.

1
viola, ae, f.

a violet, 11.69.

1
vīnum, ī, n.

wine, 1.195, et al.

20
vindicō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to claim or get by legal process; claim; rescue, save, 4.228. (vindex, defender)

1
vinculum (vinclum), ī, n.

that which serves for binding; a chain, 6.395; fetter, bond, 1.54; a rope, cable, 1.168; 2.236; cord, 5.510; a halter, 11.492; morally, a bond, tie, 4.16; pl., vincula or vincla, ōrum, n., gauntlets, 5.408; a sandal, 4.518; (fig.), constraint, compulsion, 7.203. (vinciō)

22
vincō, vīcī, victus, 3, a. and n.

a., to conquer, 1.529, et al.; slay, 10.842; overcome, overpower, overwhelm, 1.122; dispel, 1.727; win, possess, 6.148; persuade, 2.699; n., to be victorious, gain the victory, conquer, 11.712.

59
vinciō, vinxī, vinctus, 4, a.

to bind, 11.81; bind round, 1.337; wreathe, bind round, 12.120.

4
vīmen, inis, n.

a flexible twig; osier, sprout, shoot, sprig, stem, 3.31.

3
villus, ī, m.

shaggy hair, 5.352; nap, 1.702.

2
villōsus, a, um

adj. (villus), shaggy, hairy, 8.177.

2
vīlis, e

(adj.), of small value; cheap, worthless, insignificant, base, inferior, 11.372.

1
vigor, ōris, m.

activity, force, vigor, energy, 6.730. (vigeō)

2
vīgintī

(num. adj. indecl.), twenty, 1.634.

2
vigilō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

n., to be awake, watch, 10.228; wake up, awake, 4.573; a., to watch against, look out for, guard against; p., vigilāns, antis, watchful, 5.438. (vigil)

5
vigil, ilis

adj. (vigeō), awake, on the watch; sleepless, 4.182; perpetual, 4.200; subst., vigil, ilis, m., a watchman, guard, sentinel, 2.266, et al.

2
vigil, ilis

adj. (vigeō), awake, on the watch; sleepless, 4.182; perpetual, 4.200; subst., vigil, ilis, m., a watchman, guard, sentinel, 2.266, et al.

4

VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY