Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
praeeō, īvī, or iī, itus, īre, irreg. n. and a.

to go before; p., praeiēns, euntis, going before, preceding, 5.186.

1
praesūmō, sūmpsī, sūmptus, 3, a.

to take beforehand; anticipate, 11.18.

1
distendō, tendī, tēnsus, or tentus, 3, a.

to stretch apart or out; extend, distend; fill, 1.433.

1
prōluviēs, ēī, f.

a flowing forth; excrement, discharge, 3.217. (prōluō)

1
quadrupedāns, antis

(adj.), going on four feet; galloping, 8.596; subst., gen. pl., horses, 11.614.

1
ēligō, lēgī, lēctus, 3, a.

to select, choose, 7.274. (ē and legō)

1
ērudiō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.

to redeem from roughness; to teach, instruct, 9.203. (ē and rudiō)

1
Rapō, ōnis, m.

an Etruscan, 10.748.

1
excellēns, entis

surpassing; beautiful, stately, 12.250.

1
exsomnis, e

adj. (ex and somnus), sleepless, 6.556.

1
Fabaris, is, m.

the Fabaris, a small branch of the Tiber, 7.715.

1
formīca, ae, f.

an ant, 4.402.

1
fraxineus, a, um

adj. (fraxinus), pertaining to the ash tree; of ash wood, ashen, ash, 6.181.

1
septemgeminus, a, um

(adj.), sevenfold, said of the Nile on account of its seven mouths, 6.800.

1
glaciālis, e

adj. (glaciēs), of ice; icy, 3.285.

1
Sīrius, iī, m.

Sirius or Canicula, the dog-star, 3.141.

1
haedus, ī, m.

a kid; Haedī, ōrum, m., the constellation of the Kids in the hand of Auriga, whose rising portends storms.

1
Herbēsus, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 9.344.

1
Iaera, ae, f.

a wood-nymph, wife of Alcanor and mother of Bitias and Pandarus, 9.673.

1
sulphureus, a, um

adj. (sulphur), sulphureous, 7.517.

1
tābidus, a, um

adj. (tabeō), melting away; wasting, consuming, 3.137.

1
imprecor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to call down good or, more usually, evil by prayer; to invoke evil upon, imprecate, invoke, 4.629.

1
inexpertus, a, um

(active) unacquainted with , inexperienced in, unaccustomed to a thing; (passive) unused, untried, unproven, 4.415.

1
Themillās, ae, m.

a Trojan, 9.576.

1
īnfrēnus, a, um; also, īnfrēnis, e

unbridled; riding without bridle, 4.41.

1
intercipiō, cēpī, ceptus, 3, a.

to catch a thing passing along; intercept, 10.402. (inter and capiō)

1
accidō, cidī, 3, n.

to happen, 12.593. (ad and cadō)

1
trūdō, sī, sus, 3, a.

to thrust, shove, push, 4.405.

1
iūdicium, iī, n.

a judgment, decision, 1.27, et al. (iūdex)

1
vāgītus, ūs, m.

a wailing, 6.426. (vāgiō)

1
laena, ae, f.

an upper garment; cloak, mantle, 4.262.

1
Agrippa, ae, m.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, one of the confidential counselors of Augustus, and his principal military commander, 8.682.

1
viridō, 1, n.

to be green, verdant. (viridis)

1
Lichās, ae, m.

a Latin slain by Aeneas, 10.315.

1
Amathūs, ūntis, f.

a town of Cyprus, 10.51.

1
lūdicer, cra, crum

adj. (lūdus), sportive; vain, trivial, 12.764.

1
Lycūrgus, ī, m.

son of Dryas, and king of the Thracian Edoni, punished by Bacchus with madness, and driven to self-destruction, on account of his opposition to the Bacchanalian orgies, 3.14.

1
Anxur, uris, m.

Anxur, or Terracina, a town on the coast of Latium, 10.545; a Latin warrior, 10.545.

1
magis, and short form, mage

(adv.), in a greater measure; more, 5.94; 10.481; the more, 7.787; for potius, by preference, rather, 5.29; better, 4.452. (rel. to māgnus)

1
Araxēs, is, m.

the Araxes, a river of Armenia Major, 8.728.

1
Mānlius, iī, m.

M. Manlius Capitolinus, who saved the Capitol from the Gauls, and was afterwards condemned to be cast from the Tarpeian rock for alleged treason, 8.652.

1
Maurūsius, a, um

(adj.), Moorish, Mauretanian, 4.206.

1
adservō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to keep carefully; guard, watch, 2.763.

1
meus, a, um

(poss. adj. pron.), my, mine, my own, 1.664, et al.; mea, ōrum, n., my possessions, enjoyments, 12.882. (mē)

1
Monoecus, ī, m.

a promontory and harbor on the Ligurian coast west of Genoa, 6.830.

1
muliebris, e

of woman; women's; female, 11.687. (mulier)

1
bivius, a, um

adj. (bis and via), leading two ways, 11.516; subst., bivium, iī, n., the meeting of two roads; a crossway, 9.238.

1
cālīgō, āre, 1, a. and n.

to be dark, darken, 2.606. (> cālīgō 1)

1
Ceraunia, ōrum, n. pl.

the Ceraunian peaks, a range of mountains on the coast of Epirus, 3.506.

1
obtendō, tendī, tentus, 3, a.

to stretch before; draw, spread, 10.82; spread over.

1
onerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to load; the thing or material with which, usually in abl. and rarely in acc., 1.706; stow, lade, store away, w. dat. of the thing receiving, 1.195; (fig.), burden, overwhelm, 4.549. (onus)

1
Palātīnus, a, um

adj. (Palātium), belonging to, dwelling on the Palatine hill, 9.9.

1
condūcō, dūxī, ductus, 3, a.

lead, bring together; contract for, hire, rent, 12.520.

1
cōnsanguinitās, ātis, f.

kinship, 2.86. (cōnsanguineus)

1
peccātum, ī, n.

a fault, error, delinquency, sin, crime, 10.32. (peccō)

1
cristātus, a, um

adj. (crista), crested, plumed, 1.468.

1
Phoenīx, īcis, m.

Phoenix, son of Amyntor, and companion of Achilles, 2.762.

1
Daucius, a, um

adj. (Daucus), of Daucus, a Rutulian; Daucian, 10.391.

1
Plūtōn, ōnis, m.

Pluto, son of Saturn, king of Hades, 7.327.

1
praenatō, 1, n. and a.

to swim in front of or by; (fig.), flow by, along by, 6.705.

1
dēvinciō, vinxī, vinctus, 4, a.

to bind fast; bind, 8.394.

1
Prīvernum, ī

a city of Latium, 11.540.

1
profectō

(adv.), as a fact; in truth, truly, indeed, surely, certainly, 8.532. (prō and factum)

1
prōveniō, vēnī, ventus, 4, n.

to come forth, proceed from, 12.428.

1
quam

(adv. interrog. and rel.) how, freq.; as, answering to tam, expressed or understood, even as, just as, so far as, 6.96; quam māgnus, so great as, 10.763; with a superl., to denote the highest degree possible; quam prīmum, as soon as possible, instantly, 4.631; after the comparative, than, freq.; antequam, priusquam (often separated by tmesis), before that, before, 4.27, freq.; postquam, often separated, after that, after, as soon as, 3.463, et al.

1
equester, tris, tre

adj. (eques), pertaining to a horseman; equestrian, 5.667.

1
etenim

(conj.), for, indeed, truly, 7.390.

1
recaleō, 2, n.

to be warm or hot, 12.35.

1
ēvomō, uī, itus, 3, a.

to vomit out or up, 8.253.

1
redimīculum, ī, n.

something bound round; a chaplet, fillet, ribbon, 9.616. (redimiō)

1
excubō, uī, itus, 1, n.

to lie out; be on guard, keep watch, 9.175.

1
relābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to slip back; retreat, 10.307.

1
explicō, āvī or uī, ātus or itus, 1, a.

to unfold; deploy, draw out, extend; describe, tell, 2.362.

1
Rhēnus, ī, m.

the river Rhine, 8.727.

1
Sabīnae, ārum, m.

the Sabine women, an ancient people occupying the hill country on the border of Latium, from whom were derived a part of the Roman people or Quirites, 8.635.

1
fluidus, a, um

adj. (fluō), flowing, fluid, running; dropping, 3.663.

1
fortasse

(adv.), perhaps, 10.548.

1
fūmeus, a, um

adj. (fūmus), smoky; smoking, 6.593.

1
Sicānia, ae, f.

Sicily, 1.557.

1
Harpalycus, ī, m.

a Trojan warrior, 11.675.

1
Hēsionē, ēs, f.

daughter of Laomedon, saved from a sea monster by Hercules, and afterwards wife of Telamon, 8.157.

1
stringō, strīnxī, strīctus, 3, a.

to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

1
sublīme

(adv.), loftily, aloft, on high, 10.664.

1
ignōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

not to know; to be ignorant of, 5.849. (rel. to ignārus)

1
impēnsa, ae, f. (sc. pecūnia)

outlay, cost, expense, 11.228. (impendō)

1
inclīnō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to bend; p., inclīnātus, a, um, bent; bending; declining, tottering, sinking, 12.59.

1
indictus, a, um

(adj.), unmentioned; unsung, unrecorded, 7.733.

1
īnferus, a, um

(adj.), below, lower; comp., īnferior, ius, lower; less distinguished, inferior, 6.170; superl., īnfimus or īmus, a, um, lowest, deepest, 2.419; inmost, 2.120; below, 4.387; lowest part, bottom of, 3.39; ex īmō, from the foundation, 2.625; īma, ōrum, n., depths.

1
timidus, a, um

adj. (timeō), subject to fear; fearful, cowardly, trembling, timid, 6.263, et al.

1
trānsfodiō, fōdī, fossus, 3, a.

to dig through; run through, transfix, 9.544.

1
accubō, uī, itus, 1, n.

to lie near or by, to recline, 6.606; bend over, project. (ad and cumbō)

1
Ismara, ae, f.

a city al the foot of Ismarus, a mountain in Thrace, 10.351.

1
acta, ae, f.

the seashore; beach, shore, 5.613.

1
tympanum, ī, n.

a drum, timbrel, tambourine, 9.619.

1
Lagus, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 10.381.

1
Agathyrsī, ōrum, m.

a Sythian tribe dwelling on the river Maros in what is now Hungary, remarkable for the practice of tattooing their bodies, 4.146.

1
vexō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

harass, 4.615. (vehō)

1
lautus, a, um

washed; neat, elegant; stately, magnificent, 8.361. (lavō)

1
albeō, 2, n.

to be white, 12.36. (albus)

1
viola, ae, f.

a violet, 11.69.

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VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY